The Institute for Integrated Catalysis at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory facilitates collaborative research and development in catalysts for a secure energy future.
Congratulations to two postdoctorate researchers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Institute for Integrated Catalysis -- Rentao Mu and Xiang Wang -- who are being honored with awards at the 16th International Congress on Catalysis (ICC). Mu was selected for ICC's Young Scientist Prize, and Wang earned a travel award provided by the North American Catalysis Society.
Lessons from nature inspire breakthrough in catalyzing electricity from renewable energy
Researchers at PNNL have demonstrated that stored renewable energy can be interconverted efficiently and inexpensively by mimicking enzymatic catalysts used in biological processes. This new catalyst actually performs best in water and at temperatures and acidities remarkably similar to conditions found in hydrogen fuel cells.
Scientists show how to fix interior defects, possibly leading to a more stable and efficient catalyst for biofuel production
While popular catalysts called zeolites could help turn paper manufacturing waste and other biomass into fuel, the catalyst crumbles after just two days in hot water. And that's a problem because hot water is nearly ubiquitous in biofuel production. At Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, a team discovered that fixing broken bonds deep inside the material stabilized the catalyst and let it thrive in hot water.
Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and ten other labs had their work featured in a special issue of ACS Catalysis. Their efforts have clarified basic scientific principles, funded by DOE's Office of Science, and have resolved issues for biofuels, emission control, fuel cells, and more, funded by DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The peer-reviewed online publication features ten articles by PNNL scientists and their university collaborators.
Computational methods and experimental techniques reveal important design principles for future nickel catalysts
Platinum is a good catalyst, but it costs ~$950 an ounce. Nickel, whose market price of less than $4 a pound, is an attractive option, but it doesn’t pack the same punch. Two Energy Frontier Research Centers are helping nickel muscle its way to center stage of fuel production. Read more in this article which first appeared in Frontiers in Energy Research.