The Institute for Integrated Catalysis at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory facilitates collaborative research and development in catalysts for a secure energy future.
Congratulations to Dr. Johannes Lercher and Dr. Chuck Peden on being named Wiley Research Fellows in recognition of the role they will play in EMSL's Energy Materials & Processes Science Theme, and their proven record of generating outstanding science.
Study shows water trips up key chemical reactions that turn plants into fuels, provides scientific principles that can speed up biofuel development
Scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory examine the conversion of bio-oil, produced from biomass such as wood chips or grasses, into transportation fuels. They used computer simulations to explore what happens to phenol, a common bio-oil byproduct. Water, everywhere during biofuels production, turns the phenol into an impurity that disrupts and blocks the reactions that lead to biofuels. The results apply not only to water but to related liquids in bio-oil such as alcohols and certain acids.
American Chemical Society recognizes sustainable process to make chemical propylene glycol
Congratulations to John Frye and Alan Zacher at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Institute for Integrated Catalysis and Todd Werpy at Archer Daniels Midland Company on receiving the American Chemical Society Green Chemistry Award for developing a sustainable, economic process to create the common industrial chemical propylene glycol from renewable sources rather than petroleum. The award recognizes the trio's development of a chemical catalyst and process that efficiently converts a plant-based compound into propylene glycol, which is used in everything from food to liquid detergents and cosmetics.
Morris Bullock was quoted in the August 8, 2014, issue of the Science.
In the August 8 issue of Science, Dr. Morris Bullock at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is quoted as an outside expert on a new ammonia production method. In the article titled "New Recipe Produces Ammonia from Air, Water, and Sunlight," writer Robert Service covers work at George Washington University that uses a molten mixture of sodium hydroxide and potassium to synthesize ammonia. Bullock is quoted about the significance of the research.
At the national laboratory, Bullock leads the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and American Chemical Society. His work in developing transition metal electrocatalysts earned him the Royal Society of Chemistry's Homogeneous Catalysis Award in 2013.
Dr. Jim De Yoreo, Chief Scientist of PNNL's Materials Synthesis and Simulation across Scales Initiative, was quoted in Physics World.
Dr. Jim De Yoreo at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory was quoted in Physics World about a self-assembly method, based on viruses and DNA, that places fluorescent molecules within just a few nanometers of a gold nanoparticle. As De Yoreo notes, "This [approach] provides a means of creating an intense electromagnetic field near an ensemble of light-absorbing centres, thus allowing us to greatly increase the capture of light." The Physics World article is based on a study De Yoreo co-authored: "Hierarchical Assembly of Plasmonic Nanostructures Using Virus Capsid Scaffolds on DNA Origami Templates" in ACS Nano. The research was done by scientists at PNNL, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, University of California at Berkeley, and Arizona State University.