The Institute for Integrated Catalysis at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory facilitates collaborative research and development in catalysts for a secure energy future.
Dr. R. Morris Bullock
Dr. Morris Bullock at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is quoted in Chemistry World, the Royal Society of Chemistry's magazine. In the article, "Base metal catalysts strike hydrogenation gold," writer Andy Extance discusses three new studies about iron and other earth-abundant catalysts. These metals could replace precious metals, such as rhodium and palladium, which offer cost and toxicity challenges. Bullock highlights the value these catalysts present to reactions responsible for creating pharmaceuticals and producing energy.
Bullock leads the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and American Chemical Society. His work in developing transition metal electrocatalysts has earned him the Royal Society of Chemistry's Homogeneous Catalysis Award in 2013.
Congratulations to Dr. Morris Bullock, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, on having his Perspective article appear in the November 29 issue of Science, a highly respected journal published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science. A Perspective is an invited opinion piece that covers recent findings. In his article, Bullock discusses advances in using iron and other earth-abundant metals for catalysts in organic synthesis and other applications. These metals are needed to replace precious metals, such as ruthenium and platinum, which present cost and toxicity challenges. Bullock discusses three recent studies that describe on iron or cobalt catalysts with impressive activities and selectivities, comparable to, or exceeding, conventional precious metal catalysts.
The November 18 issue of DOE Pulse featured Dr. Ilke Arslan of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The article discusses how this diplomat's daughter, who completed her doctoral degree at the age of 25, applies the fundamentals of physics to change the scientific community's view of nanoparticles. Her research is working towards the goal of providing a clear view of a working catalyst in real time, in three dimensions, and at the atomic scale. Arlsan's imaging work is providing fundamental answers for her teammates in PNNL's Chemical Imaging Initiative and Institute for Integrated Catalysis.
Read the DOE Pulse article "Ilke Arslan: A catalyst for clarity."
Multiple "pots" needed to turn bio-based materials into hydrocarbon fuels
Industry is projected to consume more than half of the planet's delivered energy in 2040. Changing industrial processes from using fossil fuels renewable fuels would be beneficial for economic and security reasons. To do so means developing fuels with a low water content that could perform in today's infrastructure. Efficiently creating such a fuel from biomass requires a one-pot synthesis method. Scientists as part of PNNL's Institute for Integrated Catalysis highlighted the challenges of using the catalyst HZSM-5 in a one-pot method conversion method. For the catalyst to work effectively, the feedstock must be pretreated to remove ethyl acetate, acetic acid, and acetaldehyde. Each one requires different catalysts and different operating conditions. Competitive adsorptions on the zeolite catalyst's active sites halt the conversion process. The team continues to delve into the fundamentals of zeolite catalysts to find an efficient, affordable one-pot synthetic route for converting biomass into fuels.
Congratulations to Dr. James F. White on receiving the 2014 Paul N. Rylander Award for his outstanding contributions to the use of catalysis in organic reactions. White, who retired from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in 2009, has more than 45 years of experience in diverse areas of catalysis. At PNNL's Institute for Integrated Catalysis, he was the liaison between the national lab and key industrial partners. He mentored and advised staff and clients on catalyst synthesis, rapid catalyst discovery via combinatorial methods, characterization, process development, process testing, and intellectual property. Before joining PNNL, he worked for a host of industries, including Engelhard Corporation, PPG Industries, Sohio (now BP), and Air Products. White will receive the Paul N. Rylander award, established by the society in 1988, at the Organic Reactions Catalysis Society meeting, March 2-6, 2014, in Tucson, Arizona.